Ultimate Guide to BPSC Syllabus: Everything You Need to Know

The Bihar Public Service Commission (BPSC) conducts various recruitment exams to fill vacancies in the state government departments. Aspirants looking to crack the BPSC exams need to have a thorough understanding of the BPSC syllabus to plan and strategize their preparations effectively. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the details of the BPSC syllabus, exam pattern, important topics, and preparation tips to help you succeed in your BPSC exam endeavors.

Understanding the BPSC Exam Pattern

Before diving into the intricacies of the BPSC syllabus, it is crucial to have a good grasp of the BPSC exam pattern. The BPSC conducts the Combined Competitive Examination (CCE) for various posts such as Bihar Administrative Services, Bihar Police Services, Bihar Financial Services, and others. The exam pattern typically consists of three stages:

  1. Preliminary Examination: This is an objective-type exam consisting of two papers – General Studies Paper I and General Studies Paper II (CSAT). The marks obtained in the Preliminary Examination are not counted for final selection but act as a screening test to shortlist candidates for the Main Examination.

  2. Main Examination: The Main Examination is a written exam consisting of multiple papers. The papers include subjects such as General Hindi, General Studies Paper I, II, III, IV, and optional subjects chosen by the candidate.

  3. Interview (Personality Test): Candidates who qualify in the Main Examination are called for the Interview round, which carries a certain weightage in the final merit list.

Detailed BPSC Syllabus

Now, let’s explore the BPSC syllabus in detail to understand the topics and subjects that need to be covered for the BPSC examinations:

Preliminary Examination Syllabus:

  1. General Studies Paper I:

    • History of India and Bihar
    • Indian and Bihar Polity
    • Economic and Social Development
    • Geography
    • General Science
    • Current Events
  2. General Studies Paper II (CSAT):

    • Comprehension
    • Interpersonal Skills including Communication Skills
    • Logical Reasoning and Analytical Ability
    • Decision Making and Problem-Solving
    • General Mental Ability

Main Examination Syllabus:

  1. General Hindi:

    • Essay Writing
    • Grammar
    • Comprehension
  2. General Studies:

    • Indian Polity and Governance
    • Indian Economy and Geography
    • History of India
    • General Mental Ability
    • Current Affairs
  3. Optional Subjects:

    • Candidates need to choose two optional subjects from the given list as per their preference. Some common optional subjects include History, Geography, Political Science, Economics, Sociology, etc.

Preparation Tips for BPSC Exams

To crack the BPSC examinations, candidates need to have a well-structured preparation strategy. Here are some preparation tips to help you ace the BPSC exams:

  1. Understand the Syllabus: The first step is to thoroughly understand the BPSC syllabus and exam pattern to know what to study and how to approach the exam.

  2. Create a Study Plan: Develop a study plan that allocates sufficient time for each subject and topic. Consistent and regular study is key to success in BPSC exams.

  3. Practice Previous Year Papers: Solving previous year papers and mock tests will give you an idea about the exam pattern, difficulty level, and help improve time management skills.

  4. Focus on Current Affairs: Stay updated with current affairs at the national, international, and state level. Regularly read newspapers, magazines, and online portals to stay informed.

  5. Revision and Practice: Revision is vital to retain information. Revise regularly and practice writing answers to improve your writing speed and accuracy.

  6. Join Coaching or Online Courses: Enrolling in a reputable coaching institute or online course can provide guidance, study materials, and mock tests to enhance your preparation.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) about BPSC Syllabus:

  1. Q: How many papers are there in the BPSC Main Examination?
  2. A: The BPSC Main Examination consists of multiple papers including General Hindi, General Studies Papers I-IV, and optional subjects.

  3. Q: Is there negative marking in the BPSC Preliminary Examination?

  4. A: Yes, there is a negative marking of 1/3rd for each wrong answer in the BPSC Preliminary Examination.

  5. Q: Which subjects are included in the BPSC General Studies Paper I?

  6. A: The General Studies Paper I includes topics such as History of India and Bihar, Indian Polity, Economic and Social Development, Geography, General Science, and Current Events.

  7. Q: How important is current affairs for the BPSC exams?

  8. A: Current affairs play a crucial role in the BPSC exams as questions related to recent events are frequently asked in the Preliminary and Main Examinations.

  9. Q: Can candidates choose any optional subjects for the BPSC Main Examination?

  10. A: Candidates need to select two optional subjects from the list provided by the BPSC for the Main Examination as per their interest and background.


In conclusion, a thorough understanding of the BPSC syllabus, exam pattern, and key topics is essential for aspirants preparing for the BPSC examinations. By following a systematic study plan, practicing regularly, and staying updated with current affairs, candidates can enhance their chances of success in the BPSC exams. Remember, consistency and perseverance are the keys to cracking the BPSC exams and achieving your goal of securing a government job in Bihar.